The charm of ancient town of Ayutthaya’s UNESCO World Heritage sites, Old Kingdom of Thailand continues to realize tourists’ attention as a historic attraction. Not solely the recent moments however additionally the new things that shine. Ayutthaya World Heritage is one among Thailand’s historical and majestic highlights.
Ayutthaya Historical Park, ancient capital of Kingdom of Thailand, then referred to as the dominion of Ayutthaya, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya was an authorized in the most important cities in Southeast Asia and a regional power for 417 years. Once it involves historical buildings, Ayutthaya travel is famous for temples and palaces.
However additionally thereto, a range of food is additionally another magnet to visit Ayutthaya city. Don’t miss fresh river prawns, fish, noodle, and even the sweet dessert like cotton candy wrap, asking our driver to try the original shop. Thus keep in mind to set up your food travel whenever you visit Ayutthaya.
Please check our customer review on Tripadvisor.com how our expert driver taking our tourists to the best restaurant and arrange the perfect trip in Ayutthaya one day tour. We arrange the best Ayutthaya day trip from Bangkok because foreign tourists might visit Ayutthya only one time in their life time and we want everyone to experience the prefect trip and enjoy every minute in Ayutthaya private tour with ThaiTourismGuide.com. Our driver can speak English so your Ayutthaya day trip from Bangkok can be adjusted according to tourists’ demand during your travel time. If you want to customize your trip such as riding elephant, biking at Ayutthaya or taking boat or cruise at Ayutthaya, please feel free to "Live Chat" with us or contact us to plan your trip on demand.
07.30 am: Pick up at hotel in Bangkok and travelling to Ayutthaya private tour by visiting;
Bang pa In Palace
Wat Yai Chaimongkol
Wat Phanan Choeng
Ayothaya Floating Market
Wat Mongkhon Bophit
Wat Phra Si Sanphet
16.00 pm: Return to Bangkok Arrive and drop off at hotel
Inclusion: Van rental, driver, petrol, toll way fee, parking fee, insurance and one bottle of drinking water
Exclusion: Entrance fee and personal expense
• You can use service at 10 hours per day maximum
• Travel by Toyota Commuter with 10 seat
This Ayutthaya Historical Park romantic ruined city, surrounded by a modern town, is one of Thailand’s national treasures. Ayutthaya city attests to the power and splendor of an empire that dominated Southeast Asia for almost 400 years. In the bloody aftermath of a Burmese onslaught, most of the Ayutthaya city was destroyed by fire, its people killed or taken to Burma as slaves. Ayutthaya was a catastrophic loss on a scale now hard to imagine.
The Ayutthaya city began as a Khmer military and trading outpost. Ramathibodi I made it his capital about 1350. Ayutthaya was ideally located within the protective surroundings of several rivers, which were diverted and channeled into smaller canals, to create a waterbound and almost impregnable fortress.
Ramathibodi named it after a mythical kingdom portrayed in the Ramakien and soon began the building of royal palaces and temples. To honor his belief in Theravada Buddhism, he invited monks from Sri Lanka to direct most religious activities in his royal city.
During its four centuries of existence, Ayutthaya was ruled by a succession of 33 kings, who in their turn erected new, and embellished existing, temples and palaces, while maintaining large armies to increase the national borderlands. Ayutthaya kings conducted almost continual warfare against Burma, as well as fighting with the Laotian, Cambodian, and Muslim empires to the south. By the end of the 15th century Ayutthaya controlled most of Southeast Asia.
Ayutthaya developed as an important commercial center for mainland Southeast Asia and was visited by international trading groups from all over Europe. Dazzled emissaries of French king Louis XIV reported that the city was comparable to European capitals.
Finally, after four centuries of power and glory, Ayutthaya slipped into decline. For two years it withstood a Burmese siege but fell at last in 1767.
The four centuries of the Ayutthaya period were an important era for art and architecture, encouraged and patronized by wealthy temple-building kings who saw themselves as the cultural inheritors of previous Southeast Asian empires. The result was an architectural gold mine, plus a high level of achievement in sculpture, painting, and other fine arts.
Central to the Hindu belief in many separate, parallel universes is the image of the magical Mount Meru, mythical home of the gods—the Mount Olympus for Asian religions. Ayutthaya was therefore constructed as a giant mandala, surrounded by ramparts and moats to symbolize great seas, with the royal palace as the heavenly center and lesser buildings and even cities spread around in cosmological order.
If sculpture was the high point of the Sukhothai Empire, then Ayutthaya’s crowning glory was its architecture. European visitors reported that the city had over 600 major monuments and temples of extraordinary design. Most of the monuments were initiated during the founding reign of King Ramathibodi (R.1350-69) and completed during the next 150 years.
When looking at these remarkable structures, it helps to understand that, throughout Southeast Asia, it had long been the fashion to construct temples in stone, while royal palaces and utilitarian structures such as homes and businesses were made of wood. This is the chief reason why only religious structures have survived the ravages of time.
Ayutthaya architects borrowed forms from the Khmars (such as the cob-shaped Prang) and from Sri Lanka (notably the bell-shaped Chedi). These foreign designs were modified and refined into unique expressions of Siamese style. Thus squat Khmer prangs and heavy unadorned Ceylonese chedis with an elongated elegance combined to form a new definition of Asian religious architecture.
Ayutthaya sculpture is not in the same league as that of Sukhothai but is still important. Early artists continued the traditions of the Uthong School of art, which owed its inspiration to the Mon and Khmers. Later sculpture was influenced by the Sukhothai style, and some of the most successful work dates from this time.
As the artistic influence of Sukhothai waned, late Ayutthaya images became over ornamented, lacking the sensitivity of earlier styles. Yet Ayutthaya sculptors also introduced remarkable innovations—such as the depiction of the Buddha in a wider variety of poses—and proved themselves masters in casting bronze images on a large scale.
A Traveler from Europe at the end of the 17th century estimated Ayutthaya’s population at over a million, with some 1,700 temples, some 30,000 priests, and more than 4,000 Buddha images, all of them cast in gold or covered with golden gilt. Tragically, most of the temples and icons were destroyed by the Burmese, but around 50 temples remain in various states of repair and restoration, along with miscellaneous monuments such as giant reclining Buddhas.
Southeast of Ayutthaya town is a monastery established in 1360 for local monks who, in the spirit of the new Buddhism, wished to emphasize meditation rather than the study of the Buddhist canon. Today it is home to a large community of Buddhist nuns (mae chi), who maintain the lawns and buildings. The wat’s main feature is a huge reclining Buddha, exposed to the skies.
One of Ayutthaya’s oldest and largest temples, Wat Phanan Choeng was constructed in 1324 specifically to house a massive seated Buddha, the gift of a Chinese emperor. The powerful and inspiring image has been restored many times, and a steady stream of Thai and Chinese pilgrims arrive daily to make offerings. An adjoining wihan to the left of the main temple has several rare and valuable Sukhothai statues (south of town at ferry crossing).
Wihan Phra Mongkhon Bophit, One of Thailand’s largest and most highly revered Buddhas is located inside this unimaginative building (Si Sanphet Rd.), immediately south of the far more elegant Wat Phra Si Sanphet. The original building on this site was erected during the Ayutthaya period but collapsed in 1767. It was reconstructed in 1951. Head inside to enjoy the power of the immense image, covered with a thick black coating and gilded with gleaming mother-of-pearl eyes.
Similar in purpose to Wat Phra Kaeo in Bangkok, this famous trio of 15th-century chedis once formed the core of the most important temple complex in Ayutthaya. The wat was both the private chapel and ceremonial courtyard for royalty, who would arrive on gilded palanquins from the nearby Royal Palace. The finely proportioned, symmetrically domed chedis stand on a long central platform, separated by square mondops, and are an image used widely on film—from Thai television commercials to American movies. The chedis were built to enshrine the ashes of important kings. The ruins are overgrown but one of the great sights of Ayutthaya.
Monarchs worldwide have sought a retreat from the confines of their royal capitals since time immemorial. So Philip II of Spain (R.1556-1598) built his Escorial palace, and Louis XIV of France his Versailles. For centuries, Siamese kings chose to escape the worst of the hot season in the riverine town of Bang Pa-in.
The habit of maintaining retreats and summer palaces started in the 17th century with King Narai (R.1656-1688), who received French envoys not only in his royal palace in Ayutthaya, but also at his great upriver retreat at Lop Buri. Narai also maintained a summer palace downriver at Bang Pa-in, a site established by his father, King Prasat Thong (R.1629-1656) in honor of Narai’s birth. Narai’s summer palace served the royal family until the fall of Ayutthaya in 1767, and the site lay neglected until its revival by King Mongkut in the mid-19th century.
Mongkut and his successor, King Chulalongkorn, enjoyed the advantages of the site and its easy access from Bangkok, revitalizing the area with new construction that can be seen today. Bang Pa-in could be reached by boat up the Chao Phraya or, later, via the railroad that ran from Bangkok to Chiang Mai.
Bang Pa-in is of secular rather than religious importance. The small collection of royal buildings that make up the palace are an easy stopover between Bangkok and Ayutthaya, and most reflect Chulalongkorn’s fascination with European architecture. The overall impression is a mixture of French neoclassic, Victorian Gothic, imperial Chinese, and traditional Thai styles. The lovely grassy parklands are, in turn, formal French, rustic English, and classic Chinese.
Most of the buildings at Bang Pa-in date from 1872 to 1899—the swansong of European monarchy, but for Siam an era that embraced both traditional culture and the innovations of the West. The architectural range from Chateau to summerhouse, pagoda to lighthouse, and Chinese mansion to Thai sala may sound like a 19th century Disneyland, but the reality is a place of charm and dignity.
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